Download 1941: Texas goes to war by James Ward Lee, Carolyn N. Barnes, Kent A. Bowman, Laura PDF

By James Ward Lee, Carolyn N. Barnes, Kent A. Bowman, Laura Crow, Ann Richards

In 1941, while the japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the USA came across itself in a complete conflict, the folks of Texas rallied to the conflict attempt. women and men rushed to affix the defense force. those that remained behind—men, girls, and children—were infantrymen at the domestic entrance: They rolled bandages, noticed airplane, knowledgeable for air raids, stuffed jobs left vacant by means of provider males, accumulated scrap scrimped and stored and obtained through with rationed sugar, meat, sneakers, tires, and fuel. Texas grew to become a middle for education and equipping the best conflict computing device the realm had ever seen.

World conflict II replaced Texas from oil and livestock and cotton to and agribusiness.The expertise that grew out of the war—radar, tv, jet airplane, air-con for the masses—made a Texas that had now not been imagined sooner than 1941. And the Texans themselves replaced, as they left the nation for distant places and for different elements of the us. They left the rustic for town to paintings in and such a lot may by no means go back to the farm other than in retirement years.

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The invention of radar led to refinements in televisionpurely experimental before the warand other forms of microwave communication. And much later the microwave oven. If it had not been for the war, minority citizens would have had to wait many more years to begin their painful quest for equality. We were a much more segregated society before the warin some parts of Texas there were white, colored, and Mexican schools until well after the war. But the bravery and heroism of minority soldiers and sailors made it hard to deny them their civil rights, though the struggle to achieve them still continues.

The chuckwagon cook, by the way, changed his political stance after his family came into important oil money; he turned Republican. As Paul Patterson has said, there is no better cure for a Socialist than a good dose of capital. Elmer Kelton Page 6 (National Archives) During the 1930s, Army expenditures, as a result of an isolationist Congress, were cut to such a degree that between 1920 and 1939, Army strength dropped from 280,000 to 190,000. Artillery trainee Beverly Powell's experience in 1936 at Fort Sam Houston provides a classic example of the unpreparedness of the Army during the budget pinch.

Some planned to kill themselves rather than be taken prisoner. Page 21 The President and Congress acted swiftly. Roosevelt's "Day of Infamy" speech before Congress on December 8th led to a declaration of war against Japan. Only one member of Congress, Congresswoman Jeannette Rankin from Wyoming, voted against the declaration, just as she had against Wilson's call for war in 1917. On December 11, the country also went to war with Germany and Italy. Texans served with distinction in both theaters of operations, contributing the most decorated members of both the army and the navy.

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