By M. Tendahl
A upsetting new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made by way of relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid concept exhibits the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and hazard of attaining a broader and extra sensible concept of our figuring out.
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Extra resources for A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics
9 some major problems with this position will be presented. What all the works mentioned have in common and what has been made explicit by Papafragou (2002) is that communication in general and issues like children’s word learning in particular are subject to metarepresentational skills. Both interlocutors involved in a communicative situation are required to make assumptions about somebody else’s intentions. As mentioned before, these assumptions are the outcome of inferential processes triggered by decoding linguistic elements and contextual clues.
It will be shown that a few little modifications to the mutual-manifestness hypothesis are necessary before it can be taken as a basis for communication. Going back to the mutual-knowledge hypothesis, we remember that a speaker and a hearer should have identical contexts available and that a mutuality of this knowledge should be striven for. As was portrayed in some detail, Sperber and Wilson were on the one hand completely opposed to the idea of mutual knowledge, but on the other hand they were also aware that some sort of shared information is a necessary part of successful communication.
Those assumptions which are part of this particular intersection of two or more cognitive environments are called mutually manifest assumptions. For Sperber and Wilson, the notion of mutual manifestness replaces the implausible notion of pure mutual knowledge, viz. mutual knowledge characterized by an endless recursion and a demand for certainty. However, it does not seem to contradict Clark and Marshall’s proposal for mutual knowledge. Let us take a look at an example illustrating Sperber and Wilson’s idea of mutual manifestness.