By Kurt Baier (auth.), Nancy S. Jecker (eds.)
The getting older Self and the getting older Society moral matters related to the aged have lately come to the fore. this could come as no shock: because the flip of the century, there was an eightfold in crease within the variety of american citizens over the age of sixty 5, and virtually a tripling in their percentage to the overall inhabitants. these over the age of eighty-five- the quickest transforming into crew within the country-are twenty yet another instances as a number of as in 1900. Demographers anticipate this pattern to speed up into the twenty-first century. The getting older of society casts into brilliant aid a num ber of deep and troubling questions. at the one hand, as participants, we grapple with the rapid adventure of getting older and mortality and search to discover in it philosophical or moral importance. We additionally ask yourself what responsi bilities we endure towards getting older relatives and what expectancies of others our plans for previous age can reasona bly contain. nonetheless, as a neighborhood, we needs to make a decision: What precise function, if any, do older people occupy in our society? What constitutes a simply distribution of scientific assets among generations? And, How can associations that serve the previous foster imperiled values, similar to autonomy, self-respect, and dignity? just recently have we all started to discover those subject matters, but already a wealthy and fruitful literature has grown up round them.
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Additional resources for Aging And Ethics: Philosophical Problems in Gerontology
There is, Meaning of Life 25 therefore, no perplexity, because we need not and should not assume that the universe has originated out of nothing. If, however, in spite of all that has been said just now, someone still wishes to assume, contrary to all reason, that the universe has originated out of nothing, there would still be no perplexity, for then he would simply have to give up the principle that is incompatible with this assumption, namely, that no thing can originate out of nothing. After all, this principle could allow for exceptions.
It is now very widely held26 that the basic element of the Christian religion is an attitude of worship toward a being supremely worthy of being worshipped, and that it is religious feelings and experiences that apprise their owner of such a being and that inspire in him the knowledge or the feeling of complete dependence, awe, worship, mystery, and self-abasement. " (Gen. 27). Christianity thus demands of people an attitude inconsistent with one of the presuppositions of morality: that humans are not wholly dependent on something else, that they have free will, that they are, in principle, capable of responsibility.
28 Tolstoy, too, was nearly driven to suicide when he came to doubt the existence of God and an afterlife,29 and this is true of many. What, then, is it that inclines us to think that, if life is to have a meaning, there would be an afterlife? It is this. The Christian world view contains the following three propositions. The first is that, since the Fall, God's curse of Adam and Eve, and the expulsion from Paradise, life on earth for humankind has not been worthwhile, but a vale of tears, and one long chain of misery, suffering, unhappiness, and injustice.