By Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang
As one of many eighteen field-specific experiences comprising the excellent scope of the strategic normal record of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technological know-how and expertise within the box of agriculture. They every one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the final and sub-group experiences learn the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technological know-how and know-how, describe the decisive impression of technological know-how and expertise at the modernization approach, are expecting that the area is at the eve of an forthcoming S&T revolution, and phone for China to be absolutely ready for this new around of S&T development. in keeping with the distinctive learn of the calls for on S&T innovation in China’s modernization, the experiences draw a framework for 8 uncomplicated and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the aid of technology and know-how, determine China’s S&T roadmaps for the appropriate 8 uncomplicated and strategic structures in accordance with China’s truth, additional aspect S&T tasks of strategic value to China’s modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with accomplished consultations for the improvement of S&T innovation in line with China’s fact. Supported through illustrations and tables of information, the stories offer researchers, executive officers and marketers with suggestions touching on study instructions, the making plans method, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation’s optimum educational establishment in traditional sciences. Its significant obligations are to behavior study in simple and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on ordinary assets and ecological setting, to supply the rustic with medical information and consultations for government’s decision-making, to adopt government-assigned initiatives with reference to key S&T difficulties within the strategy of socio-economic improvement, to start up group of workers education, and to advertise China’s high-tech organisations via its energetic engagement in those parts.
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Additional info for Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
The consumption of livestock, aquatic products, vegetables and fruit will grow and will replace part of staple food consumption; the per capita cereal food consumption (or direct food consumption) will only increase slowly. To 2050, per capita cereal food consumption will even present a downward trend in Asia (Fig. 2). ·8· Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 2025 Roadmap 2050 2000 200 2050 180 kg/person/year 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 EAP EAP except China SA China India SA except India Fig.
3) In the field of resource saving agricultural science and technology, it is to develop high-efficient utilization mechanisms and methods on water, nutrients, and artificial assistance resources. Main investigations focus on arable land nourishing and substitution technology, engineering-biologychemistry water saving technology, watershed water resource management technology, water-fertility-energy integrated management, precision mechanized implement technology, and intelligent fertilizer. , land-saving agriculture, water-saving agriculture, fertilizer- and energy-saving agriculture.
Population growth will continue to raise the demand for these products. By 2050, the total volume of the demand for fruit and oil will increase by nearly two fold in China, and sugar will increase by around 1 fold, vegetables around 75%. But the concern is that income growth and urbanization have not brought about the increase of per capita demand for rice and wheat, major staple foods in China. We projected that per capita consumption of rice and wheat will con· 16 · Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 3.