By Jonathan Zeitlin, Gary Herrigel
This publication develops a brand new and conceptually designated research of Americanization in ecu and eastern after the second one global struggle, in keeping with a wealthy set of sectoral and firm-based experiences through a global team of amazing students. The authors spotlight the self sustaining and artistic position of neighborhood actors in selectively adapting US expertise and administration tips on how to go well with neighborhood stipulations and, strikingly, in developing new hybrid types that mixed indigenous and international practices in unexpected and sometimes remarkably aggressive methods.
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Extra resources for Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-War Europe and Japan
Some catch-up and convergence theorists recognize that diffusion of new technologies to different physical and market environments may give rise to product or process improvements which arc then transferred back to the country where the initial innovation occurred: see William J. Baumol, ‘Multivariate Growth Patterns: Contagion and Common Forces as Possible Sources of Convergence’, in id. , Convergence of Productivity, 62–85, esp. 76. Steven Broadberry argues that US-style mass-production methods yielded superior manufacturing productivity performance to that of the ﬂexible production methods predominantly employed by British industry from the late nineteenth century until the 1980s, when the balance of competitive advantage swung back in the opposite direction: see The Productivity Race: British Manufacturing in International Perspective, 1890–1990 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
For others, by contrast, institutional environments, even more than technologies themselves, are highly path dependent, creating substantial barriers to the adoption of new production and growth models outside of extraordinary historical moments. ‘Socioeconomic institutions’, Eichengreen argues, necessarily displayed considerable inertia. Their function, in part, being to serve as coordinating mechanisms, their very nature created coordination problems for altering them. Institutions function as standards, giving rise to network externalities that tend to lock in their operation.
44 These country classiﬁcations are evidently different from those of other authors operating with alternative interpretative frameworks. In particular, the essays in this volume place greater emphasis than much of the existing literature on the critical and selective reception of post-war Americanization in West Germany, Japan, and Sweden, as well as on the positive engagement with the US model in important sections of Italian industry. 30 INTRODUCTION and the National Productivity Centre (Comitato nazionale per la produttività) until the latter's reorientation in the mid1950s towards the organization of management education courses and the provision of ﬁnancial assistance to small and medium-sized ﬁrms.